GE Food Litigation
On May 8, 2014, the Vermont Legislature enacted Act 120, which requires manufacturers to label genetically engineered (“GE”) foods as such, and prohibits manufacturers from describing GE products as “natural.” One month later, on June 12, 2014, Plaintiffs—a collection of trade associations representing food producers—filed suit, naming as Defendants Attorney General Sorrell, Governor Shumlin, Health Commissioner Chen, and Finance Commissioner Reardon.
May 6, 2015: Plaintiffs appealed the Court’s April 27, 2015 decision to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. The briefing schedule for the appeal has not yet been set.
April 27, 2015: The Court issued its decision denying Plaintiffs’ preliminary injunction motion in its entirety, finding Plaintiffs were not likely to prevail on the merits of their claims or could not establish irreparable harm. The Court also granted in part and denied in part the State’s motion to dismiss, rejecting a significant portion of Plaintiffs’ Complaint, including claims that Act 120 is preempted by federal law and violates the Commerce Clause. As to Plaintiffs’ First Amendment claims, the Court made several rulings favorable to the State. In particular, the Court adopted the Attorney General’s argument that the lowest level of scrutiny applies to the disclosure law, whereby the State need only show that the GE label is reasonably related to the State’s interests. The Court found that the “safety of food products, the protection of the environment, and the accommodation of religious beliefs and practices are all quintessential governmental interests,” as is the “desire to promote informed consumer decision-making.” Finally, the Court declined to dismiss Plaintiffs’ First Amendment and vagueness challenges to the law’s “natural restriction,” concluding, for the time being, that Plaintiffs had sufficiently stated their claim.
January 7, 2015: The Court held oral argument on the State’s motion to dismiss and Plaintiffs’ motion for a preliminary injunction. The Court then took both motions under advisement.
September 12, 2014: Plaintiffs filed a motion for a preliminary injunction, seeking an order postponing the effective date of the GE labeling law (which is still nearly two years away) and enjoining the State from taking any action to enforce the law.
August 8, 2014: The State moved to dismiss Plaintiffs’ Complaint in its entirety. In its motion, the State contends that the GE labeling law withstands all five of Plaintiffs’ challenges to its constitutionality and that the Court should dismiss the suit without requiring the State to answer the Complaint or engage in further litigation.
District of Vermont Court Filings:
Below are the major filings and orders of the Court.
- GMA Complaint
- VPIRG and CFS Motion to Intervene
- State Motion to Dismiss
- Plaintiffs Motion for Preliminary Injunction
- State Combined Reply (Supporting State’s Motion to Dismiss) and Response (Opposing Preliminary Injunction)
- Exhibit A (Draft GE Food Labeling Rule)
- Exhibit B (Dr. Michael Antoniou Declaration)
- Exhibit C (Dr. Charles M. Benbrook Declaration)
- Exhibit D (Dr. Conrad Brunk Declaration)
- Exhibit E (Dr. Jane Kolodinsky Declaration)
- Exhibit F (Dr. Andrew Dyke Declaration)
- Exhibit G (Jerry Greenfield Declaration)
- Exhibit H (Rhonda Miller Declaration)
- Exhibit I (Reed Glidden Declaration)
- Amicus Briefs Supporting State Motion to Dismiss and Opposing Preliminary Injunction
- Plaintiffs Reply in Support of Their Preliminary Injunction Motion
- State Sur-Reply in Support of Motion to Dismiss
- VPIRG Sur-Reply in Support of Motion to Dismiss
- October 2014 Scheduling Order
- Court Notice of Oral Argument to Occur January 7
- GE District Court Decision
- Plaintiffs Notice of Appeal
Published: Apr 28, 2015